Biryani is no doubt the most loved and famous dish of India. Any occasion, any party or a get-together, biryani as the main course has become a necessity.
The word “Biryani” comes from the Persian word “birian” which means “to fry” or “to roast”. This dish is popular throughout the Indian subcontinent, as well as among the diaspora from the region.
Interesting story traces the origins of the dish to Mumtaz Mahal(1593-1631), Shah Jahan’s queen who inspired -Taj Mahal. It is believed that she once visited army barracks and discovered the army personnel under-nourished. She asked the chef to prepare a special dish which provided balanced nutrition, and thus biryani came into existence.
Types of biryanis
For kacchi biryani, raw marinated meat is layered with a raw rice prior being cooked together. It is also known as kacchi yeqni. It is cooked along with chicken or goat meat and occasionally with fish or prawns. The dish is made layered with the meat and a dahi-based marinade at the bottom of the cooking pot.
Tehari, tehri or tehari are different names for the veg version of biryani. It was made for the Hindu bookkeepers of the Muslim Nawabs. It is prepared by addition of potatoes to rice, as opposed to the case of traditional biryani, where the rice is added to the meat
Beef biryani, as the name implies, consists of beef as the meat. In Hyderabad, it is famous as Kalyani biryani, in which buffalo or cow meat is taken. This meal was started after the Kalyani Nawabs of Bidar came to Hyderabad sometime in the 18th century. The Kalyani biryani is made with small cubes of beef, regular spices, onions and lots of tomatoes.
India is famous for its own style of making biryani some of them include-
The Delhi version of the biryani developed a unique local flavor as the Mughal kings shifted their political capital to the North Indian city of Delhi
Dhakaiya Haji Biriyani-
The city of Dhaka in Bangladesh is known for selling Chevon Biryani, a dish made with highly seasoned rice and goat meat.
Sindhi biryani-The exotic and aromatic Sindhi biryani is known in Pakistan for its spicy taste, fragrant rice and delicate meat
Hyderabadi biryani is one of India’s most famous biryanis; some say biryani is synonymous with Hyderabad.
Thalassery biryani is the variation of biryani found in the Indian state of Kerala. It is one of the many dishes of the Malabar Muslim community, and very popular.
Calcutta or Kolkata biryani evolved from the Lucknow style when Awadh’s last Nawab Wajid Ali Shah was exiled in 1856 to the Kolkata suburb of Metiabruz. Shah brought his personal chef with him. The poorer households of Kolkata, which could not afford meat, used potatoes instead, which went on to become a specialty of the Calcutta biryani.
Outside the Indian subcontinent-
A different dish called biryan is popular in Afghanistan. Biryan traces its origins to the same source as biryani, and is today sold in Afghanistan as well as in Bhopal, India.
Middle East-One form of “Arabic” biryani is the Iraqi preparation (برياني: “biryani”), where the rice is usually saffron-based with chicken usually being the meat or poultry of choice. It is most popular in Iraqi Kurdistan.
Nasi kebuli is an Indonesian spicy steamed rice dish cooked in goat meat broth, milk and ghee. Nasi kebuli is descended from Kabuli Palaw which is an Afghani rice dish, similar to biryani served in the Indian subcontinent.
Kapampangan cuisine of the Philippines (often in Pampanga) features a special dish called Nasing Biringyi (chicken saffron rice), that is typically prepared only during special occasions such as weddings, family get-togethers or fiestas.
Biryani in Thailand is commonly known as khao mhok (Thai: ข้าวหมก). It is commonly paired with chicken, beef or even fish and topped with fried garlic. The dish is common in Thai cuisine and often served with a green sour sauce.
Best Biryani In Kolkata : Top 10 Restaurants
In Kolkata when you hear the word biryani, Aminia is the first place that comes on the mind. Having been in business from 1929 it has become a brand ever since. It is one of the oldest Mughlai restaurant in Kolkata. The first outlet was inaugurated in 1929 in Kolkata, selling the famous Awadhi cuisine of Lucknow. The family grew and the second generation of the family choose to expand the family business looking at the growing demand for Awadhi/Mughlai food in the city. Undoubtedly this place ranks first for the best biryani in Kolkata list!
ARSALAN being incorporated on 6th of October 2002, is serving the food-loving people of Kolkata with different types of Mughlai dishes starting from a range of Tandoor’s, Kabab’s, Biryani’s, Nan’s, etc. Arsalan’s biryani is famous all over the city for the unique taste that makes it different from its competitors. If one visits kolkata, arsalan should be in their go-to list.
Ruby em bypass
Established in the year 1932, nizam is mostly famous for its hot kathi roll but having said that its biryani is no less. It occupies a favourable location at New Market near KMC,23/24. If you are in Kolkata, it is one place that should be on your must-try list. After a bagful of shopping from New Market area, you can ease your hunger with the finger-licking dainty of Nizams.
From a simple start of the Roll Corner to the formation of its growth under the title “Zeeshan” Restaurant & Caterer has reached its present milestone, Established in the year 2006, this place is synonymous with delicious food that can satiate all food cravings. Zeeshan Restaurant at Sarat Bose Road makes sure one has a great food experience by offering highly palatable food.
Desh priya park
5. Shiraz Golden Restaurant or Shiraz
Shiraz is a restaurant located at Park Street, Kolkata, India. This was among the first restaurants to serve Mughlai cuisine in Kolkata. In 2016, the restaurant completed its 75 years. Shiraz has several outlets across the country. Shiraz has been very famous for its special chicken biryani.
6. ZAM ZAM
There can not be two ways about it that when it comes to renowned restaurants in Kolkata and zam zam doesn’t come in the list. Zam Zam has been known for its special beef biryani. They offer a great taste at a very reasonable price.
Noor Ali Lane
7. Haji saheb
Making way for a hearty meal is Haji Saheb, Established in the year 2014, this place is synonymous with delicious food that can satiate all food cravings for biryanis. Haji Saheb at makes sure one has a great food experience by offering highly palatable food.
Having a tagline “sinful biryani”, three friends — Shantanu Sikdar, Priyabrata Sikdar and Tariq Hussain started a biryani start-up that delivers from noon to midnight in Rajarhat, New Town and Salt Lake. Although being new in business it gained immense popularity for its biryani that having a different essence and taste.
9. Oudh restaurant
A decent place to have your favorite biryani and kebabs. The ambiance is calm with serene music playing in the background. Right from location to hospitality to food- this restaurant is a pride and a treat to eat in.
10. Hanglaa Therium
Established in the year 2012, Hanglaa Therium in Lake Gardens, Kolkata is a top player in the category Biryani Restaurants in the Kolkata. This well-known establishment is as a one-stop destination servicing customers both local and from other parts of Kolkata. Over the course of its journey, this business has made a firm foothold in its industry. Having customers satisfaction as a top priority has helped this establishment garner a vast base of customers, which continues to grow by the day. This business employs individuals that are dedicated towards their respective roles and put in a lot of effort to achieve the common vision and larger goals of the company helping it to land into the “best biryani in Kolkata” list!
Lake Gardens, Kolkata
These were some of the best restaurants making biryani that are available in Kolkata, the city of joy. No biryani freak can miss having biryani from any one of these places.
This was our rating and reviews based on popularity and demand. If you guys have anything to add on please reply in the comment section.